Valvular heart disease

Valvular heart disease is diagnosed where one or more of the valves in the heart are not functioning properly. Your heart has four valves that maintain the correct flow of blood through the heart and around the body. When these valves are not functioning correctly, blood flow throughout the body is affected.



Your heart has four valves that maintain the correct flow of blood through your heart and the rest of the body. These valves are the mitral valve, tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve, and aortic valve. The flaps or leaflets of the valve open and close with each heartbeat to maintain the correct direction of blood flow. When these leaflets do not function correctly, or the valve is damaged, blood flow through the heart and to the rest of the body is affected.

Some heart valve problems include:

Heart valve disease can be present at birth (congenital) or can develop later in life due to infection or other heart conditions. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes and other heart disease risk factors can increase the risk of developing valvular heart disease.


If we suspect there may be a valvular problem, there are various tests that can be used to further evaluate your symptoms and condition.


The treatment and monitoring you receive will depend on the severity of your valvular disease, the symptoms you experience, and the stability of your condition.
When valvular heart disease is diagnosed, it is important to maintain the follow up schedule recommended. Routine follow up is essential to manage your ongoing heart health and to keep a close eye on any changes in your symptoms or the health of the valve. Sometimes, medication and healthy lifestyle changes can be an effective way to manage your heart valve disease.

Eventually, it may be necessary to have heart valve surgery to repair or replace the affected heart valve.

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